- Judo is an unarmed combat sport which involves physical contact with your opponent as well as applying pressure on each other tactically following certain rules and being abided/ obliged by some principles during the limited time in a match between 2 athletes.
- The sole purpose of competing in a Judo match is to impartially or cleanly throw, to pin or dominate the opponent with physical force and apply pressure to arm joints or to the neck to cause the opponent to yield.
FROM WHERE DID JUDO ORIGINATE?
- Judo was brought up by the Japanese educator, athlete, and author Late kano jigoro (1860-1938) the concept and structure of ‘judo’ was developed by him.
- The modal of judo was extracted from the knowledge and practices of another martial arts sport ‘jujuitsu’ and old schools of Japanese Samurai.
IS JUDO REALLY DANGEROUS?
- Yes, practically speaking judo is very much Dangerous, although judo is a type of sport which involves a high degree of physical contact and force over the opponent the general principles are mostly based on the safety techniques like how to fall safely and attacking the opponent while avoiding any injury that can later be resulted into a fatality.
- Kano Jigoro also focused on the elimination of dangerous techniques and stressed all his knowledge and practice in free practice of the martial arts even though he didn’t want to copy everything from ‘jujutsu’ and ‘ramdori’ taught to him by his predecessors he would later go on to preserve classical techniques of that art of sports.
WHO WAS KAN JIGORO?
- Kano was a Japanese author and martial artist who designed and created ‘judo’ and introduced it to the world. Jigoro designed the whole ‘judo’ thing to be practised safe and spent a vast amount of time on basics such as learning to fall safely. The development of judo also involves the efforts of Jigoro to transform this into rather than a way of life like many other ancient martial arts in Japan and all around the world.
- This transformation gained prominent success in 1964 when judo was included in Olympics 1964 for the first time in the history of the competition for men’s division and in 1992 women’s judo was also included in Olympics. Thorough out the years Germany, Japan, France, and Great Britain have been dominating the competition as did the Soviet Union during its existence.
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Reasons for Judo being dangerous
1) INJURY: Judo is a rough sport in this the athletes are exposed to the risk of getting injured now and then. Athletes need to worry about two Potential reasons that can cause serious injury injuries during the practice of ‘judoka’ and ‘randori’. :-
Taking blows in the head (concussions and sub-concussions) 2)Soft tissue injuries to the lower Extremities (knee ligaments).
Other categories of injury are not a big deal, or rare relatively. Or an RSI – Repetitive stress injury, well you can always stop your training for some time to support your proper Rehabilitation before it gets too bad
3) Accidents: Although accidents happen in each and every sport, when judo is practiced properly the very first thing you learn and prospect is break falling. Kano designed judo in such a way that it can be practiced at highest extent with maximum force without injury. The guiding principles means Mutual welfare and benefits. Thus, you can throw a trained judoka with full force and he/she won’t be injured. The body learns to instinctively protect your head, neck and spine. You learn awareness and balance that can prevent injuries in daily life.
HOW CAN YOU AVOID GETTING INJURED IN JUDO?
- KNOW YOUR BREAK FALLS: you cannot stress break falls enough. The more confident you are with break falls the less chance you have of getting injured. Most Judoka you see get injured are judoka who cannot break fall during warm up and get stiffen up when being thrown which will hurt them very much.
- ACCEPT THROWS: Neary every injury that happens during randori happens because an individual is trying to not be thrown. They twist, bridge and stick their arms out to not concede a score. However, if you are a competition judoka then this will be entirely different.
- CHOOSE PARTNERS WISELY: This is a smart move to play when you should avoid going up against an opponent in a different weight category than yours. If you find an opponent throwing you away way too roughly then don’t support such actions and try to help yourself by accommodating.
- BEING TOO STRONG: if you are fighting with too much strength chances are there that you will get injured in a very vigorous way. Pro’s find this mainly a common problem bigger beginners won’t quite know how strong they are ignoring all the preventive measures of not getting injured in the process of training.
- RESTING: The more tired you get there are more chances of you getting injured. The thing is when you are tired, your coordination drops, you get sloppy and start to depend much on strength rather than the techniques that prevent you from getting injured most of the time people hurt their tendons and ligaments of hand and knees in this process.
INJURY RATES IN JUDO
- Recent studies have explained that the present Europe’s top-level judokas, during top-level competitions, and defines risk factors, between time of 2005 and 2020 in EJU 699 injuries were reported out of almost 29000 competitors participating in the judo competitions.
- The Knee (17.4%), The Shoulder (15%), and the elbows (14.2%) Heavy weight judokas arguably got injured very less compared to the light weight competitors. The light weight judokas are prone to injuries and at very young age a big number of participants have to go through the injury cycle.
More About Judo
- Judas direction has changed since its inception kano designed judo to be a safe sport for both female and male judokas. Judokas spend a great amount of time learning safety methods while competing in combat with an opponent with the same objective, which is to win the match. By contrast, western wrestling does not help an opponent to fall, and coaches spend a little time teaching wrestlers how to take blows.
- JUDO Developed and established by kano in 1882 by combining jujitsu and a form of wrestling with mental discipline. Judo was born in japan it means “the gentle way “
TECHNIQUES IN JUDO
- There are generally 3 techniques in judo. Throwing, Grappling and striking.
- THROWING: This includes all the attempts to throw the opponent with aim and trip usually on his back. It has three different stages. When the opponent goes off balance, turning and fitting into the throw and finally execution and completion of a proper throw.
- GRAPPLING: This involves holding and pinning, strangulation, and joint techniques (in modern completions it is restricted to only elbows.
- STRIKING: These are techniques in which a striker disables an opponent with a vital strike to a vital point.
- The international governing body for judo is the International judo federation (IJF), Founded in 1951. Members of IJF includes African judo union, Pan-American judo confederation, Judo union of Asia and European judo union.
LIFE OF KANO JIGORO
- Kano jigoro (1860-1938) was a Japanese educator and martial artist and founder of judo. Judo was the first MA of japan to gain international recognition and the very first to become an official part of the Olympics sport.
- Pedagogical innovations attributed kano to include the use of black and white belts, and the introduction of dan ranking to show the relative ranking among members of a martial art style,
- In professional life kano was an educator and was also posted as director of primary education in the ministry of education from 1898 to 1920. and as president of Tokyo higher normal school from 1900 to 1920. He played a key role in making judo and kendo part of Japanese public-school programs.
- Kano was a pioneer of international sports. Accomplishments include being an Asian member of the International Olympic Committee where he served from 1909 to 1938 until his death, officially representing japan at most Olympic games and serving as a leading spokesperson for Japan’s bid for the 1940 Olympic games.
- jujitsu, Japanese jujitsu, also spelt jujutsu, is and method of fighting that makes use of few or no weapons, and paralyzing blows to subdue an opponent. It evolved among the warrior class in Japan from about the 17th century. Designed to complement a warrior’s swordsmanship in combat, it was a necessarily ruthless style, with the usual object of warfare: crippling or killing an opponent. Jujitsu was a general name for many systems of fighting involving techniques of hitting, kicking, kneeing, throwing, choking, immobilizing holds, and use of certain weapons. Central to these systems was the concept Ju, from a Chinese character commonly interpreted as “gentle”—gentle, however, in the sense of bending or yielding to an opponent’s direction of attack while attempting to control it.
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